Everything you Need to Know About Oil Spills

Oil spills are dramatic and you probably don’t know the full effect on the wildlife. Such as in 1989 the Exxon Valdez oil tanker hit a reef and spilled 10.8 million gallons of oil off the coast of Alaska; Or when in 2010 a humongous oil spill happened at the BP Deep Water Horizon oil rig in the Gulf of Mexico and spilled 130 liters of oil per second for 3 months, totaling 210 million gallons. Both of these spills were mostly caused by safety regulations that were ignored and caused extreme damage to the environment.

The Exxon Valdez oil spill of 1989 is regarded as the second biggest oil spill on the planet. It occurred when the Exxon Valdez oil tanker hit a reef and spilled 10.8 million gallons of oil, which heavily affected 200 miles of Alaskan coastline. The captain Joseph Hazelwood was accused of drinking heavily that night and some of the crew failed to take care and maneuver the ship causing the spill. The ships radar was also broken and turned off and if Exxon would have supplied a working radar the accident might have been avoided. Later, all charges were taken off captain Joseph Hazelwood. In the end, Exxon cleaned up only about 10% of the oil it spilled.

The biggest oil spill in history happened at BP. The day the oil rig was going to be turned on, it started spewing oil everywhere. The reason was that the executives at BP rushed the through some of the final safety tests in order to start pumping oil. When this happened, no one was really ready and there was a fail of the pipeline 1500 meters below the surface of the sea. Oil started spewing everywhere causing an explosion on the oil rig, which ended up sinking two days later. During the cleanup of the BP oil spill of 2010, BP was using a chemical that made the oil into small clumps. BP said that this made it easier to clean up but critics say that BP did this to clean up its identity. The chemicals BP was using was also harmful to the environment. BP was later fined 4.3 billion dollars for its harm to the environment. This was the biggest oil spill in all of history and caused PERMANENT damage to the environment.

It seems to me that both of these major explosions or spills could have been avoided with some more safety and precautions. The decision makers seem to have cut corners and tried to save money, doing this they have compromised the integrity of their equipment and caused some major environmental meltdowns, loss of tourism and permanent damage to the environment. After reading this I hope you realized the dramatic effect oil spills have on the local environment and the global one as well.

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